Dougal Dixon "Man after man. An anthropology of the future" Further reading, index
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FURTHER READING

NON-FICTION

Calder, N. The Weather Machine BBC Publications, London, 1966
Gregory, W.K. Our Face, From Fish to Man Capricorn Books, New York, 1965
Haldane, J.B.S. Possible Worlds Evergreen Books, London, 1940
Lunan, D. Man and the Planets Ashgrove Press, Bath, 1983
Nicholls, P. (ed) The Science in Science Fiction Roxby Press, London, 1983
Pain, S. ‘No Escape from the Global Greenhouse’ New Scientist, vol 120, no. 1638, 12 November 1988
Ridpath, I. Life Off Earth Granada, London, 1983
Stapleford, B. Future Man Roxby Press, London, 1984

FICTION

The works of fiction that depict the future of Man and the changes that he may go through are legion. Here are just a few.

Adams, D. The Hitch-Hiker’s Guide to the Galaxy Pan, London, 1979
Aldiss, B. Hothouse, Faber & Faber, London, 1962
Aldiss, B. Canopy of Time Faber & Faber, London, 1959
Bass, J.T. Godwhale Eyre Methuen, London, 1974
Brunner, J. The Sheep Look Up Dent, London, 1974
Budrys, A. Who Penguin, London, 1958
Harrison, H. Make Room! Make Room! Doubleday, New York, 1966
Huxley, A. Brave New World Chatto & Windus, London, 1932
Pohl, F. Man Plus Gollancz, London, 1976
Simak, C. City Weidenfeld & Nicholson, London, 1954
Vance, J. The Dragon Masters Galaxy, 1963
Vinge, V. Marooned in Real Time Simon & Schuster, New York, 1986
Wells, H.G. The Time Machine Heinemann, London, 1895
Wells, H.G. The Island of Dr Moreau Heinemann, London, 1896

CAST I

Homo sapiens sapiens





Jimez Smoot
Kyshu Kristaan
Seralia Kristaan
Fiffe Floria
Hamstrom
Harla

Homo sapiens machinadiumentum

 

 

 

Haron Solto
Greerath Hulm
Hueh Chuum
Bearnida
Kule Taaran
Relia Hoolann
Carahudru

Homo sapiens addomembrus

Klimasen
Yamo
Durian Skeel

Homo aquaticus Piccarblick
Homo caelestis Cralym
Homo virgultis fabricatus




Hoot
Rumm
Coom
Snatch
Trancer
Homo glacis fabricatus Knut
Homo silvis fabricatus Pann

Homo campis fabricatus

Gram
Larn
Piscanthropus submarinus Ghloob
Baiulus moderatorum Oyo
Homo mensproavodorum

Hrusha
Vass
Kroff
CAST II
Bearnida
Homo sapiens machinadiumentum
Chuum, Hueh
Homo sapiens machinadiumentum
Carahudru
Homo sapiens machinadiumentum
Coom
Homo virgultis fabricatus
Cralym
Homo caelistis
Floria, Fiffe
Homo sapiens sapiens
Floria, Hamstrom
Homo sapiens sapiens
Floria, Harla
Homo sapiens sapiens
Ghloob
Piscanthropus submarinus
Hoolann, Relia
Homo sapiens machinadiumentum
Hrusha
Homo mensproavodorum
Hulm, Greerath
Homo sapiens machinadiumentum
Klimasen
Homo sapiens addomembrus
Knut
Homo glacis fabricatus
Kristaan, Kyshu
Homo sapiens sapiens
Kristaan, Seralia
Homo sapiens sapiens
Kroff
Homo mensproavodorum
Larn
Homo campis fabricatus
Oyo
Baiulus moderatorum
Pann
Homo silvis fabricatus
Piccarblick
Homo aquaticus
Rumm
Homo virgultis fabricatus
Skeel, Durian
Homo sapiens addomembrus
Smoot, Jimez
Homo sapiens sapiens
Snatch
Homo virgultis fabricatus
Taaran, Kule
Homo sapiens machinadiumentum
Trancer
Homo virgultis fabricatus
Vass
Homo mensproavodorum
Yamo Homo sapiens addomembrus
INDEX

Figures in italics refer to illustrations.

Aardvark 12, 107
Adaptive radiation 11
Adenine A 12, 13
Africa 12, 16, 17, 18, 107
Agriculture 18, 29
Air-conditioning 12
Algal membrane 86, 90, 90, 116
America 19
Andla 40, 43, 46-8
Ant 107
Anteater 12, 35, 107
Antelope 11, 16
Antman 107, 108
Ape 16, 17, 35, 41, 43
Aqua 54, 60
Aquamorph 22, 22, 36, 59
Aquatic 36, 37, 59, 75, 77, 85, 86, 88, 90-1, 101, 102, 123
Arms 16, 31, 34, 35, 36, 42, 46, 46, 49, 52, 60, 63, 67, 83, 87, 90
Art 18, 22, 34, 35, 36
Asia 17, 28
Augustus 18
Australia 11
Australopithecus afarensis 16, africanus 17, 18, robustus 17, 17

Bacterium 13, 37, 39, 53, 96, 123
Badger 35
Base (chemical) 13
Bat 71
Bearnida 35-6
Beaver 35
Bee 43, 49
Berry 17
Bird 40, 49, 64, 67, 71, 75, 87, 88, 103, 115
Birth-rate 12, 29
Blood 49, 53, 60, 62, 72, 100
Blubber 22, 23, 64, 67, 111
Boat 83
Boatbuilder 83
Bongo 40
Bronze 18
Brain 32, 48
Buds 16, 52
Building 18, 19, 22, 35, 61, 62, 69, 82, 94, 96, 100, 111, 115, 122

Caesar, Julius 18
Camouflage 12
Cancer 52, 54
Canary Islands 19
Cannibalism 31, 53, 114
Carahudru 48
Carbohydrate 42, 43, 92
Carbon dioxide 24, 29, 101
Carrier 68, 87
Cave 18, 60, 71, 94
Cell, biological 11, 12, 13, 20, 27, (solar) 35
Cheetah 35
Chemical reactions 11
Chimpanzee 17
Christianity 19
Chromosome 12, 13, 20
Chuum, Hueh 35-6
Civilization 17, 48
Claws 57, 84, 105, 107, 108, 114
Climate 40, 40, 48, 53, 54, 71, 73, 94, 115
Communication (electronic) 34, 49, 54, 122, (tactile) 26, 68, (telepathic) 87, 89, 95, (verbal) 17, 22, 34, 35, 37, 52, 75, 77, 83, 87, 90, 96, 122, (written) 22
Condor 12
Continental drift 103, 115, 123
Convergence 12, 107, 113
Cooling 12
Coom 60
Co-operative hunting 17
Coral 75
Coral snake 12
Cosmic ray 25, 54
Cow 18, 24
Crab 60
Cradle 31, 34, 35, 36, 43, (organic) 43, 49
Cralym 24
Cro-Magnon man 18
Cytosine С 12, 13

Deer 35
Desert 12, 35, 66, 71, 72, 73, 73, 96, 107, 110, 111, 115
Desert-runner 108-11
Digestion 11
Dinosaur 35
Disease 30, 42, 83
DNA12
Dog 24
Domestication 18
Drugs 34, 35, 49

Eagle 35
Ears 12, 50, 96, 102, 103, 108
Egypt 18
Electricity 30, 53
Embryo 23
Environment 12, 24, 29, 85, 107, 123
Enzyme 13, 35, 96
Eugenics 25
Europe 17, 18
Evolution 11,12, 34, 42, 43, (convergent) 12, 102, 107
Extinction 11, 101
Eyes 11, 22, 26, 37, 50, 60, 67, 69, 75, 95, 96, 102, 103, 108, 110

Family 37, 42
Family group 16, 46, 52, 54, 56, 58, 60, 61,72
Famine 40, 90
Farming 18, 44, 46, 52, 93
Feet 22, 24, 42, 48, 57, 58, 66, 74, 103
Fennec fox 12
Fighting 18, 31, 49, 58, 61, 62, 66, 79, 82, 86, 88, 89, 92
Finch 11
Fingers 16, 24, 31, 42, 43, 46, 46, 50, 64, 66, 100, 103, 10, 106, 107, 108, 108
Fins 22, 36, 60, 86
Fire 17, 52, 71
Fish 22, 36, 37, 42, 46, 60, 66, 75, 76, 77, 101-6, 111, 115
Fish-eater 101-6, 102-3
Fishing 37, 44, 46, 49, 64, 66, 86, 101, 103
Flooding 29, 31,46, 47, 70
Floria, Fiffe 43-6
Flying machine 24-9, 37, 40, 42, 43, 48, 49,52,53, 115
Foetus 20
Food 11, 30, 31, 37, 40, 42, 43, 44, 46, 48, 49, 56, 58, 62, 63, 66, 67, 69, 72, 73, 76, 78, 79, 83, 88, 90, 92, 101, 106, 107, 111, 123
Forest, coniferous 34, 57, 62, 69, 115, (deciduous) 34, 46, 48, 52, 56, 63, 69, 70, 74, 103, 107, (thorn) 16, 71, (tropical) 35, 37, 40, 40, 42, 43, 105, 106, 107
Formic acid 109
Fortress 69
Fossil fuel 93, 101, 116
Fox 35
Fruit 11,52,66, 105, 106

Galapagos Islands 11
Gaul 18
Gene 12, 13, 20, 23, 25
Gene-splicing 13
Genetic engineering 12, 13, 20, 24, 25, 27, 29, 35, 36, 42, 43, 48, 48, 52, 57, 64,74,96, 103, 107, 116, 118
Ghloob 90-3
Giant ground sloth 114
Gills 22, 23, 36, 77, 86
Giraffe 16
Glacier 61, 62, 67, 71, 73
Goat 18
Grafting 27, 36, 50
Gram 37
Grass-eaters 11, 37, 39, 79, 87
Grasslands 11, 16, 37, 39, 52, 58, 62, 66, 70,71,72, 115
Grazing 11, 43, 48, 70
Greenhouse effect 29
Grubs 16, 53, 63, 69
Guanine G 12, 13
Gultha 61

Habitat 11
Hamstrom 46
Handler 31, 34
Hands 24, 31, 37, 39, 42, 60, 72, 81, 86, 104-5, 106, 122, 123
Harla 46
Hawk 67
Heart 35, 36
Hibernator 69-70, 71, 93
Hitek 32, 43-6
Home/hive 78-83, 81, 94-101, 95-7, 111, 115
Homo erectus 17, 19, habilis 17, 18, sapiens 12, 18, 19
Hoolann, Relia 43
Hoot 52
Horse 17
Host 99, 100-1, 114, 114, 115, 118, 122
Hrusha 64-6
Hrut 61
Hulm, Greerath 34-5
Hunter 67, 69, 87-8, 106
Hyena 17, 35

Ice age 103
Icecap 29, 35, 61, 62, 64, 67, 70, 87, 89, 101, 115
India 19
Incisor 111, 112
Inset 35, 40, 46, 52, 71, 72, 83, 92, 106, 107, 108, 111
Insulation (fur) 12, 43, 56, 68, (blubber) 22, 43, 56, 68, (mechanical) 35, 115
Intelligence 12, 40, 48, 53, 106, 123
Iron 18
Islam 19
Island life 11, 70, 73, 74, 74, 83

Jaguar 35, 40
Japan 19
Java 17
Jupiter 25

Kangaroo 11
Kidney 31, 43
Killing 12, 31, 42, 56, 74, 86, 88
Klimasen 48-9
Knut 42-3
Kristaan, Kyshu 29-31, 30
Kroff 66

Lake 16, 63, 67, 102, 103
Larn 58
Legs 11, 16, 22, 22, 23, 24, 31, 34, 36, 39, 46, 49, 52, 58, 63, 66, 74, 95, 106
Lemming 67
Lignite 103
Lion 35
Liver 31, 43
Lizard 16, 40, 72, 108
Lumpy 53
Lungs 24, 25, 43
Lynx 35

Magnetic levitation 31
Magnetism 48, 54, 54, 75, 94, 115
Mammoth 35, 42
Meat-eating 17, 18, 25, 67, 92, 101, 112
Medical science 12, 34, 40, 50
Mediterranean 18
Memory people 48, 64-6, 75-6, 83-6, 84, 93-4
Metalworking 18, 83, 84
Migration 29, 49, 54, 57, 69, 93, 115
Millipede 40
Mineral wealth 18
Mimicry 12
Moa 35
Molecule 11
Monkey 35, 40
Moss 57
Mouse 43
Musk ox 35, 42
Mutation 11

Narcotics 34, 49
Natural selection 11, 34, 42, 48, 103
Neanderthal man 18
Neolithic 18
Nutcracker man 17
Nuts 16, 46, 52, 101

Oasis 72, 123
Ocean current 43, 49, 54, 54, 75, 101
Okapi 40
Organ (artificial) 24, 25, 26, 31, 34, 43, 48, 49, 50, 53, 96, (natural) 11, 43, 54, 77, 108, 116
Overheating 12, 16, 108
Overpopulation 12, 24, 40, 86
Ovum 12, 23
Oxygen 24, 25, 36, 77, 90
Oyo 87-8
Ozone layer 54, 54

Paddles 22, 23, 77
Painting 18
Palaeolithic 18
Pann 42
Parasite 99, 100-1, 111, 114, 114, 115, 122
Parrot 40
Peat 103
Pelt 12
Piccarblick 22
Pig 18
Pine 17
Plains-dweller 38-9, 52, 58, 66, 71, 72, 73, 78, 110
Plankton 36, 90
Planter 93-4
Polarization 103, 108
Pollution 12, 29, 54, 86, 94, 122
Pressure 22, 26-7, 90, 115, 116, 123
Protein 42, 43, 92

Ramapithecus 16, 17
Radiation (adaptive) 11, (nuclear) 94, (solar) 26, 52, 54
Rat 43
Reef 75
Refraction 106
Refrigeration 12
Reindeer 35, 42
Religion 19,25
Rhinoceros 18
Rodent 35, 67, 69
Romans 18
Rumm 56
Running 11

Sabre-toothed cat 114
Science 12
Scrub 79
Sculpture 34
Sea journey 18, 19, 74, 76, 83, 84
Seal 12, 36
Sealion 12
Seaweed 19, 54, 60
Seeds (as food) 11, (for planting) 18
Seeker 78-83, 94-101, 95
Selective breeding 25
Semi-desert 72,78
Sex 13, 36, 106
Sheep 18
Shoulder 16
Skeel, Durian 53-4
Skin 90, 99
Skull 22, 46, 111
Slimeland 94, 101
Sloth 35, 105
Slothman 111-4, 113, 114
Smoker (volcanic) 123
Smoot, Jimez 25-9, 28
Snake 12, 35, 40
Snatch 63-4
Social 78-83, 78-81
Solar cell 35, 49
Solar system 24, 25
Solto, Haron 31-4
South America 11, 107, 111
Spain 17
Species 12, 57, 68
Sperm 12, 23
Spider 40
Spiketooth 111-4, 112, 114
Squats 29, 30, 31
Squirrel 35, 40
Starship 24, 25, 28, 29, 35, 46, 115-16
Stomach 37, 39
Sunlight 39, 56, 63, 69, 72, 73, 90, 101, 108, (as energy source) 11, 35, 43, 49, 54,83,123
Sweat 111
Symbiont 67, 68, 69, 87-8, 89, 101

Taaran Kule 40-2
Tanzania 17
Tapir 35, 40
Teeth 11, 12, 16, 17, 37, 39, 42, 46, 46, 53, 58, 84, 100, 108, 111, 111, 114
Telepathy 87-8, 89, 95, 117
Termite 96, 107
“Terraforming” 117
Thumbs 25
Thymine T 12, 13
Tic 49-52
Tissue 11, 22, 24, 27, 32, 36, 107
Toes 22, 25, 36, 42, 100, 108
Tongue 107
Tool 17, 18, 61, 83, 92, 94
Toucan 35, 40
Trading 18, 19, 22, 49, 42
Trancer 62-3
Transport 19, 34
Traveller 93-4
Tribe 63
Tundra 18, 35, 42, 57, 62, 63, 63, 64, 74
Tundra-dweller 42, 43, 56, 57, 63, 64, 67, 68, 69, 74, 74, 75, 87-8, 89, 99, 101, 111, 113, 114

Vass 66
Vitamin 42
Vacuumorph 24, 27, 29
Viking 19
Virus 11, 13
Volcano 16, 17, 74, 116, 123
Vulture 12

Wadi 110
Warfare 18
Water-table 96
Weather 49, 53, 63, 64, 74
Whale 36
Whiskers 26
Wolf 35
Woodland 52-3, 56, 64
Wrists 24

Yamo 49
Yerok 61

Zebra 35
Zinjanthropus 17


CONTENTS

FOREWORD by Brian Aldiss 8
INTRODUCTION – EVOLUTION AND MAN 11
Genetic engineering 12
   

PART ONE:

 
IN THE BEGINNING 16
The Human Story So Far 16
8 MILLION YEARS AGO
16
3 MILLION YEARS AGO
16
2.5 MILLION YEARS AGO
16
1.5 MILLION YEARS AGO
17
500,000 YEARS AGO
17
15,000 YEARS AGO
17
5000 YEARS AGO
18
2000 YEARS AGO
18
1000 YEARS AGO
18
500 YEARS AGO
19
100 YEARS AGO 19
   

PART TWO:

 
MAN AFTER MAN 22
200 YEARS HENCE
Piccarblick the aquamorph
22
Cralym the vacuumorph
24
Jimez Smoot the space traveller
25
Kyshu Kristaan the squatty 29
300 YEARS HENCE
Haron Solto and his mechanical cradle
31
Greerath Hulm and the future
34
Hueh Chuum and his love
35
Aquatics 36
500 YEARS HENCE
Gram the engineered plains-dweller
37
Kule Taaran and the engineered forest-dweller
40
Knut the engineered tundra-dweller
42
Relia Hoolann and cultured cradles
43
Fiffe Floria and the Hitek
43
Carahudru and the woodland-dweller 48
1000 YEARS HENCE
Klimasen and the beginning of change
48
The end of Yamo
49
Weather patterns and the Tics
49
Plains-dwellers
52
Hoot, the temperate woodland-dweller
52
The end of Durian Skeel
53
Aquas 54
2000 YEARS HENCE
Rumm the forest-dweller
56
Larn the plains-dweller
58
Coom’s new friend
60
Yerok and the Tool 61
5000 YEARS HENCE
Trancer’s escape
62
Snatch and the tundra-dweller
63
Hrusha’s memory
64
Tropical tree-dwellers 66
10,000 YEARS HENCE
Symbionts
67
Hibernators
69
Leader of the clan
70
Disappearance of the plains
71
Cave-dwellers 71
50,000 YEARS HENCE
Families of plains-dwellers
72
The advancing desert
73
Islanders
74
Schools of aquatics
75
Melting ice 76
500,000 YEARS HENCE
Strings of socials
78
Boatbuilders 83
1 MILLION YEARS HENCE
Hunters and carriers
87
Aquatic harvesters 90
2 MILLION YEARS HENCE
Travellers
93
Hivers 96
3 MILLION YEARS HENCE
Fish-eaters
101
Tree-dwellers
106
Antmen
107
Desert-runners
108
Slothmen and spiketooths 111
5 MILLION YEARS HENCE
Moving stars 115
Builders 116
Emptiness 123
In the end is the beginning ... 123
   
Further Reading 124
   
Index